Millet – Brown Top

Millet has smaller stems and greater leaf biomass than forage sorghum, sudangrass, and sorghum-sudangrass hybrids. Brown top millet is a short (reaching 2-5 feet tall) and leafy species with high tolerance to soil acidity.

As a cover crop, Brown Top Millet grows quickly in the summer and works well for erosion control, weed suppression, and nutrient scavenging. It also works as well as a wildlife refuge and bird sanctuary.

Brown Top has a growing season of about 60 days and only one hay cut is possible as regrowth is weak. Millet is best used for hay or pasture. It is not as drought tolerant as some of the other summer annual grasses. Start grazing millet at 18 inches tall and stop at a height of 8 inches.

Caution: Brown Top Millet may accumulate nitrates in drought conditions.

Brown Top Millet Tech Sheet

Great for Wildlife Food Plots!

At A Glance

  • Drought tolerant
  • Tolerates acidity
  • Good Summer production
  • Commonly used as a summer cover crop, but can be a one-cut summer forage.
  • Wildlife refuge; seeds attract game birds.
  • Less dry matter than sorghums and sorghum sudans
  • Easy double cropping with cool season annual grasses and leg-umes.
  • Mixtures with warm season grasses and legumes.
  • Does well in warm moist condi-tions.


Cover Crop, Conservation, Wildlife Refuge, Grazing & Bailage.


  • Seeding Rate: 10-20lbs/Acre
  • Large Seed Box Required
  • Seeding Depth: Up to 1/2”
  • Seeding Dates: Late Spring, plant when soils are 65 degrees and rising.