Carlton Smooth Brome

Carlton is an improved traditional smooth brome, well adapted to northern climates. Well-suited for hay or pasture, brome is very high yielding, palatable, long-lived, resistant to drought and heavy grazing, and winter hardy.

Leafy, tall growing bromegrass starts growth early in the spring and continues right through the season, providing excellent pasture. Has a thick turf growing habit that helps fill in around bunchier species. Forage quality is quite high.

For hay, it matures about the same time as timothy but the leaves remain soft and green for a longer period of time. Brome prefers sandy loam to light clay loam soils, and in general, succeeds anywhere timothy can be grown.

Smooth bromes are great for shale hillsides that are hayed. Smooth bromes are slow starters, but spread by rhizomes (underground stems). Once a stand is started and it is not abused by cutting prior to heading, they should last a long time. Forage quality is very good, but not as high as our other bromes.

High levels of fertility are not essential, but on lighter soils an annual application of a high nitrogen fertilizer is recommended, unless it is growing with a legume.

Key Features of Carlton Smooth Brome

  • Perennial cool season grass
  • Hay and pasture applications
  • Adapted to northern climates
  • High yielding
  • Palatable
  • Persistent
  • Early spring growth
  • Late maturity
  • Maintains green hay color
  • Cutting height: 3-4”


Slower establishment than many other grasses, but long lasting.

Use the small box of the drill.

Recommended seeding rate: 30-40 lbs/A.

Seeding Depth: 1/4” – 1/2”

Carlton Smooth Brome Tech Sheet


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